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Social protection, DRR and climate change adaptation: making the links

Social protection, DRR and climate change adaptation have mutual measures and broad objectives. They all seek to mitigate risks faced by poor people. They tackle the impact of, and seek to build resilience against, shocks and stresses on livelihoods. They are also all in relatively formative stages of development and testing, rather than established components of development and poverty reduction. However, despite ongoing efforts to link disasters and climate change communities, there has been little cross-fertilisation with social protection policies and practices to date. Recent research, including the studies referenced below, has attempted to remedy this shortcoming by developing a better understanding of how social protection, DRR and climate change link up in policy and practice in different regions of the world and in different development sectors. In particular, there is a need to understand how programmes and projects that bring these approaches together contribute to livelihoods resilience for the poorest and most vulnerable, and what the impacts are in terms of their effectiveness in reducing vulnerability and poverty relative to other types of intervention.

Recommended reading

Climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and social protection: complementary roles in agriculture and rural growth?
M. Mark Davies; B. Guenther; J. Leavy / Centre for Social Protection 2009
Reliance on subsistence agriculture means that the impact of stresses and shocks, such as droughts or floods, are immediately felt by the rural poor. This working paper is warning that with climate change, the magnitude and frequency ...
Impacts of climate change on livelihoods: what are the implications for social protection?
R. Cipryk / Climate and Disaster Governance Programme 2009
This paper explores how rural agricultural livelihoods may be affected by changes in climate. Exploring Ethiopian case studies, the author uses a combined Transformative Social Protection and Household Economy Approach to determine ho...
Connecting social protection and climate change adaptation
M. Davies; J. Leavy / Institute of Development Studies UK 2010
This brief argues that social protection initiatives are as much at risk from climate change as other development approaches. The authors think that these initiatives are unlikely to succeed in reducing poverty if they do not consider...
Responding to a changing climate: exploring how disaster risk reduction, social protection and livelihoods approaches promote features of adaptive capacity
L. Jones; S. Jaspars; S. Pavanello / Overseas Development Institute 2010
How can humanitarian and development approaches help enhance communities’ capacity to adapt to a changing climate? This paper explores how interventions associated with disaster risk reduction (DRR), social protection (SP) and l...
Climate change and social protection in Cambodia: linkages and synergies
M. Stirbu / United Nations Children's Fund 2010
Because of its low adaptive capacity, Cambodia is highly vulnerable to climate change events, particularly as the social protection system in Cambodia is still under development. This technical note discusses "adaptive s...